|Date of Birth||0396||Shaban-ul-Muazzam||12|
|Date of demise||0481||Rabi-ul-Akhir||09|
Sheikh-ul-Islam Hazrat Abdullah Ansari Harvi (تذکرہ / سوانح)
Hazrat Abdullah Ansari Harvi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘ABDULLAH’ and Kunyat (patronymic) is ‘Abu Ismail’. The titles are Sheikh-ul-Islam, Sheikh-ul-Masakeen and Peer-e-Herat. His genealogy is as follows:
“Khawaja Abdullah Ansari son of Abu Mansoor Balkhi son of Jafar son of Abu Muaaz son of Muhammad son of Ahmed son of Jafar son of Abu Mansoor Tabi’i son of Abu Ayub Ansariعلیھم الرّحمہ و علیھم الرّضوان .”
Date of Birth:
He was born on Friday in ‘Herat’ (Afghanistan) on the 2nd of Shaban-ul-Muazzam in 396 AD/ May 1006.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He received early education as well as Fiqh knowledge from Yahya son of Ammar (Al-Shaibani)رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ. Later on, he travelled to Tous, Bastam and Baghdad to gain knowledge. He got the benefits from Sheikh Abu Muhammad Khalal Baghdadiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and he got the mysticism knowledge from Abu Saeed Abul Khairرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . His memory was very fast, that’s why the thing which he used to see once, he would never forget it. He says: “I was not have time to have food. Sometimes it happened that after Isha prayer, I used to start writing Hadiths and morning would be. Sometimes my mother would put a morsel of bread into my mouth and I would continue writing.” He memorized thirty thousand Hadiths.
Character and Peculiarities:
He had the comprehensive knowledge and had the great expertise in Hadith, Tafseer (exegesis), Fiqh and wording etc. All the Mashaikh of that time used to refer to him. People would envy his popularity because he was popular in all the people.
Maulana Abdur Rehman Jami رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ said: “Whenever Sheikh-ul-Islam is written, this means the personality of Hazrat Abdullah Ansari Harvi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ.” He said, I used to go to Sheikh Abu Asim رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ to gain education in childhood. His wife was old lady and she was a Waliyyah of that time. She said, when my Sheikh Hazrat Khizarعلیہ السلام saw this child, he asked me, who is this? (although, he knew himself), I replied that he is Abdullah Ansari and he comes to read from my husband. Hazrat Khizarعلیہ السّلام said, “One day, this child will be a Imam of the time and his fame will be from east to west.”
He said, “I have done such work-hard for the Hadith that hardly anyone would have done this. Once, I was in the suburbs of Nishapur that heavy rain began to start. I kept walking for several miles in bowing state so that my books might not get wet.” I acquired the knowledge for the pleasure of Almighty Allah and for the service of Sunnah of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم . I can narrate the several Hadiths on each issue. He said, I got knowledge from three-thousand teachers. By the grace of Almighty Allah, none of them was a bad religion. They all belonged to the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat. (Nafahat-ul-Uns; 305)
(It is the lesson for those who do not care about it. It is narrated in a Hadith that “ان ھٰذالعلم دین فانظرواعمن تأخذونہ” i.e. It is the knowledge of religion. Consider, From whom are you taking religious knowledge? We get milk and medicine from a reliable person but there is no condition for religious knowledge, which is the main cause of today’s misleading and evil beliefs. Anyone who invites to the people on the name of Islam and Quran, people begin to follow him and they do not consider what is the preachers’ belief?)
He spent whole life in the service of Islam. People of remote areas used to come to him to illuminate their hearts and mind. By eliminating the innovations, he publicized the Sunnahs of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم throughout India. He would not forgive even to a king on the works against the Shariah. He would receive very few gifts. If somebody insisted on it, he would distribute it among the poor people straight away after receiving the gift. He would use very simple food and he would remain away from pomp and show.
He passed away on the 9th of Rabi-al-Thani in 481 AH/ 1088 AD and his Shrine is the resort of all in Herat (Afghanistan).
[Nafhat-ul-Uns and Khazinat-ul-Asfia]