Hazrat Allama Mufti Fazal-ur-Rehman Qadri Madaniعلیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘MUHAMMAD FAZAL-UR-REHMAN’son of Sheikh-ul-Arab and Ajam Khalifa-e-Ala Hazrat Maulana Ziauddin Madani Qadri علیہ الرّحمہand his titlesare ‘Qadri and Madani’. He was named from the connection of Muhaddith Ganj Moradabadiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ.His linage goes to Hazrat Sayyiduna Abdur Rehman son of Hazrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddiq رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہما . Sheikh Qutbuddin Qadriرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ was the guardian of this family. Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hakeem Fazil Sialkotiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ was a very famous Scholar in his ancestors.
Date of Birth:
He was bornin Babus Salaamstreet,Madina-tul-Munawwarah at the time of Adhan-e-Fajar in Rabi-ul-Sani, 1344 AH/ December, 1925 AD.
Special Blessing :
In the past, when a child would be born in Madina-tul-Munawwarah andafter completing forty days,his parents would bath him, wear a new clothes and apply fragrance to the newborn child.Then, they would carry him to the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم. After that,they entrusted to the servants, then they would carry the newborn baby inside the chamber of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم. They would lay the baby down for some time. By rubbing the blessed dust of the chamber of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, they would return him back.By the grace of Almighty Allah, Shah Fazal-ur-Rahmaan Madaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ is one of the lucky people,whom Almighty Allah granted this blessing and he is the last newborn babywho entered inside the chamber of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم.Later on, Najdi government deprived the Ummah from this blessing. They said it is a Bid’ah(innovation)and eliminate it.
Acquisition of Knowledge :
He started the Holy Quran from his respected father at the age of 4 years and completed it until 9 years.He got the certificatefrom Sheik-ul-Qurra Qari Hasan Shair witha discriminatory prestige.He completed other Islamic sciences from the following teachers:
“Sheikh Muhammad Ali Al-Saman, Al-Syed Ahmed Al-Khayari, Sheikh Mustafa Al-Hamoudi, preacher of Islam Hazrat Allama Shah Abdul Aleem Siddiqui Qadriعلیھم الرّحمہ ”
He got the literature and Jurisprudential knowledge from Hazrat Allama Shah Muhammad Ali Husain Madani Qadriرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and he always kept on gettingfirst position in all the exams. All the teachers highly appreciated his intelligence.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat)
Hazrat Sayyidi Qutb-e-Madina قدس سرہ العزیز granted him the allegiance and caliphate (khilafat)in all the saintly orders. When it was lightly drizzling in Baitullah Shareef on Monday in 7th Dhul Hijjah, 1364 AH/ 1945 AD, the blessed son of Ala Hazrat Mufti-e-Azam Shah Mustafa Raza Khanعلیھمَ الرّحمہgranted him the allegiance and khilafat in the presence of renowned Scholars, while standing beside him under the Meezab-e-Rehmat(facing the spout).In addition to that,he got the allegiance and khilafat from the other Sheiksعلیھم الرّحمہ .
Character and Peculiarities :
Heowned the good attributes and high manners, and hada very gracious and accommodating, highly generous and broad-minded, thoughtful and well-mannered personality. Hospitality, concealing andrespectingfor the Scholars and Mashaikhwere his habits till the whole life.He remained open the doors for the poor people all the time and he kept on struggling to accomplish the needs of penurious people.He was an example of “الولد سرلابیہ”(i.e. a son is the secret of his father.)
His personality was the gift of Almighty Allah and blessing of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی عیلہ وسلمin Madina-tul-Munawwarah generally for Islam and particularly for Ahle Sunnat. While he followedto Sayyidi Qutb-e-Madinaعلیہ الرّحمہ, he kept on trying to continue his routines of Ahle Sunnat.Daily Milad gathering, arrival of guests and hospitalitywere continued because the Dars of love of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم was continuing with a splendid manner.That’s why, heart of Najdi got burnt due to hatred of Mustafa صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم. After demise of Hazrat Sayyidi Qutb-e-Madinaعلیہ الرّحمہ , some months later, Najdi government imprisoned him in the crime of love of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلمwhile he followed to his Imams and Mashaikh, he remained patient and thankful embodiment until his last time and he never complained to anyone.In short,he was the practical example of his ancestors in the knowledge and grace, piety and ascetic, braveness and generosity etc.
He passed away in Madina-tul-Munawwarah in 27 Shawwal-ul-Mukarram, 1423 AH/ December, 30, 2002 AD.مزید