Hazrat Khawaja Hasan Basri رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘HASAN’ and his Kunyat is ‘Abu Muhammad or Abu Saeed’. According to the author of ‘Sairul Aqtab’, his father’s name is Musa Ra’ie son of Khawaja Owais Qarniرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and his respected mother’s name is Hazrat Khairahرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا who was a maidservant of Hazrat Ummul Momineen Umm-e-Salma رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا.
Date of Birth:
He was born in Madina-tul-Munawwarah on 21st Hijri in the blessed epoch of Hazrat Umar Farooqرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ. He was brought in the auspicious court of Hazrat Umar Farooqرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and he performed the ‘Tahnik’ ceremony by chewing date-palm. By looking at his beauty, he said, “ سمّوہ حسناً فانہ حسن الوجہ” i.e. “he is a beautiful child so name him Hasan.” Therefore, he was named Hasan. Then, Hazrat Umar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ prayed for him that may Almighty Allah make this newborn child an expert in the knowledge of religion and also make him beloved among the people. (Khazinat-ul-Asfiya)
Education and Training:
His respected mother was the maidservant of Ummul Momineen Hazrat Umm-e-Salmaرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا . Therefore, he was also brought up in her merciful lap. When his respected mother would busy in doing some work, Hazrat Ummul Momineenرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا would suckle him. By the grace of Almighty Allah, some drops of milk fell into his throat and he would get the satisfaction from it. Ummul Momineenرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا would pray for him that may Allah جل جلالہ make him a leader of creature. Thus, due to the blessing of the blessed milk of Hazrat Ummul Momineenرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا and her blessed prays, Almighty Allah bestowed him countless blessings and made him the leader of creature as well as all the Auliya-e-Kiram and great Scholars and Almighty Allah granted him such effectiveness and acceptance that whoever would come in his sermon-gathering; if a transgressor come, he would repent, similarly worldly people would become hermit and disbeliever would embrace the Islam. A large number of people would get the guidance through his speech and they would give up misleading. He is known as a Imam in Tafseer and Hadith. When Hasan is said in the books of Tafseer and Hadith, this means Hazrat Imam Hasan Basriرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He had such a great status in the knowledge of Hadith that his ‘Maraseel’ (Mursal is the Hadith where the chain of transmission cuts off at the Tab’iee level; it doesn’t go directly to the Holy Prophet صلى الله تعالٰی عليه و سلم.)also hold the status of ‘Marfu’ (A Hadith which is traced back directly to Rasool Allah صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم عزوجل و is called Marfu.) according to Muhadditheen.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He took an oath of the allegiance on the blessed hand of Ameer-ul-Momineen Hazrat Aliرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and got the Caliphate dress from him.
Service of the Holy Quran:
The Holy Quran which was written in the epoch of the companions of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, in which the name of Surahs, marks of the chapters (Paras) and dots etc. were not in it. Hazrat Hasan Basriرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ put the dots, made the I’rab (the diacritical marks) and wrote the chapters and Surahs’ name on it. (Kitab-ul-Islam, P. 283)
He passed away on 4th Muharram-ul-Haram, 111 AH/ 7 April, 729 AD and his blessed Shrine is the resort of all in Basra.
[Khazinat-ul-Asfiya, Shareef-al-Tawarikh and Iqtibas-ul-Anwar]مزید