Sheikh-ul-Islam Abul Hasan Ali Hakkari
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘ALI’. Kunyat is ‘Abul Hasan’ and his title is ‘Sheikh-ul-Islam’. He is called Hakkari due to connection to Hakkar town. His genealogy is given below:
“Abul Hasan Ali son of Ahmed son of Yousuf son of Jafar son of Shareef Umar son of Abdul Wahab son of Abu Sufyan son of Haris son of Abdul Mutallib son of Hashim” (Khazinat-ul-Asfiya) A great Scholar of near-past, named Hazrat Allama Ghulam Dastagir, is from his descendants.
Date of Birth:
He was born in Hakkar (a town of Baghdad) in 409 AH/ 1018 AD. Some historians wrote Hankari with his name, that is wrong. (Sharif-al-Tawarikh)
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He traveled to many cities to acquire the Islamic education. He met with several Scholars and wrote many Ahadith from them. Then, he returned back to his homeland. He was very popular among the people and everyone had the great respect for him. He listened the Hadiths to Sheikh Abul Hasan Muhammad Ali son of Sakhr-al-Azdi in Makka-tul-Mukarramah, Sheikh Aba Abdullah Muhammad-al-Fazal son of Latif in Egypt and from Abil Qasim in Baghdad. Thereafter, Abu Zakaria Yahya son of Ataf-al-Musli listened all those hadiths to him.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He took an oath of the allegiance on the blessed hand of Hazrat Sheikh Abul Farah Alauddin son of Muhammad Yousuf Tartosiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and got the saintly dress from him by living in his service. His spiritual allegiance was with the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , Hazrat Imam Hasan Basri, Sultan Ibrahim bin Adham Balkhi and Khawaja Bayazid Bastami علیھم الرّحمہ. (Tuhfat-ul-Abrar)
Character and Peculiarities:
He was one of great Khulafa of Hazrat Sheikh Abul Farah Tartosiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He used to worship abundantly. He had many peculiarities and he was a great worshiper as well as great Scholar, Saim-al-Dahr (a person who fasts daily) and Qiyaam-al-Layl (a person who worships at night on the daily basis.). After three days, he would eat just a morsel at the time of Iftar. He would recite a complete Holy Quran two times between Isha and Tahajjud Prayer. He constantly performed the mystical exercises on the mountain of Hakkar for forty years. In this period, the Divine manifestation appeared upon him and everything from the empyrean (Arsh) to floor disclosed. He was granted the status of loveliness by the blessed court of Almighty Allah. He was always ready to serve his services for the religion of Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم . He would instruct the people to follow the guidance of Holy Quran and Sunnahs of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم and he would also advise them to escape from every type of bad innovations in religion and he would resist the law which was against the Islamic system. (Tareekh Jalilah)
He passed away on the month of 1st Muharram-ul-Haram, 486 AH/ 1093 AD and his blessed Shrine is in Baghdad.
[Sharif-al-Tawarikh and Khazinat-ul-Asfiya]مزید