Imam-e-Inqilab Syed Sibghatullah Shah Sani Shaheed (تذکرہ / سوانح)
Imam-e-Inqilab Syed Sibghatullah Shah Sani Shaheed علیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘SYED SIBGHATULLAH SHAH SANI RASHIDI’ and his titles are ‘Imam-e-Inqilab, the sixth Pagara Peer Sahib, Sahib-e-Dastar (PAG DHANI), Surya Badsha, Shaheed Badsha, Batl-e-Hurriyat and the great Mujahid ’. His genealogy is as follows:
“Hazrat Peer Syed Sibghatullah Shah Sani Rashidi son of Hazrat Peer Syed Shah Mardan Shah Awwal son of Hazrat Peer Syed Hizbullah Shah son of Hazrat Peer Syed Ali Gohar Shah Asghar son of Hazrat Peer Syed Sibghatullah Shah Awwal son of Imam-ul-Afeen son of Aftab Wilayat Hazrat Peer Syed Muhammad Rashid Shah known as Peer Sain Rozay Dhaniعلیھم الرّحمہ .”
Date of Birth:
He was born at Dargah-e-Aliya Rashidiya Peeran-e-Pagarah (in Pir Jo Goth, Khairpur Mirus district, Sindh) on the 23rd of Saffar-ul-Muzaffar, 1327/ Mach, 1909 AD. After the demise of his respected father Shamsul Ulama Wal Urafa Hazrat Peer Syed Mardan Shah Awwal Rashidi known as the fifth Pagarah Peer Sahib رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ (on the 7th of Rabi-ul-Awwal, 1339 AH/ 9 November, 1920 AD), he was introduced as the sixth Pagarah Peer Sahib when he became the successor of his respected father at the age of 12 years.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He received the spiritual training under the supervision of his respected father and Even after taking the succession, he continued his education. Hafiz Khuda Bakhsh Soomro and Maulana Imam Bakhsh Maheesar are his teachers.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He got the allegiance from his respected father and he was hosen as the successor after his father demise.
Character and Peculiarities:
He was counted in those personalities who promoted ‘Haq’ (the right) by abolishing falsehood. His name became the metaphor of boldness and bravery. European women would get their children to scare from his name. He fought against Englishmen with a great organized manner and he killed thousands of British soldiers. He was a living example of the Farooqi fear, Husaini bravery, Ayubi courage, Haideri power and Usmani pietyعلیہ السّلام وعلیھم الرّضوان . Englishman was usurper and occupier. That is why, he would understand the compulsory duty to fight against Englishmen.
The leader of Muslim league Qazi Muhammad Akbar (late) wrote about his personality:
“I am proud of this that I saw Peer Sahib with my sinful eyes. He was an unique example of human beauty. The spiritual dignity scattered the luminosity and glory on his face. Even a strong hearted-man could not dare to look at his eyes. When a great British man and Khan Bahadur used to go to this great Mujahid, they would tremble at once. But how shameful it is reality, that the accusers of false charges and untrue testimonies against this great revolutionary Mujahid, were not strangers, rather they were his own people. Thus they kept the tradition of treachery here too. Nevertheless, British man could neither eliminate to ‘the Hur Jama’at’ (the independent group) and nor disperse their unity.
He was a follower of the Shariah and he used to respect human rights. He had the passion of social welfare, remembrance of Almighty Allah and meditation. Similarly, he had the great courage and military thought too. He was well aware of the rules and manners of Jihad. He was a great intelligent, far-sighted, tolerant and organized person. Technical mind, discipline and making organization was his recognition. He used to trust in Allah Almighty and he would struggle continuously. He was well aware of religious issues. He had everything, such as the modern weapons and motor cars etc. He did not need any mechanic to repair the parts of them because all these works he used to do himself. He was expert in repairing every Machine and he would also teach it to Mujahideen. Thus, he was a technical expert.
After being released from the prison, he told three technical faults of Sakhar bridge in front of the press. That way, he surprised all the acquaintances, strangers, friends and enemies. Even the expert British architects and engineers also had become the embodiment of confessing and surprise. He said:
- In case of being long-bridge, the shade should have been on it for the passers’ safety in case of rain or snow.
- The width of bridge has been kept narrow. Due to increasing traffic in near future, will face the difficulties.
- The doors which have been made in the river, are narrow and small. Because of which, it will create the problem for passing a big boat or ship. At least, one big door would have been made. (Imam Inqilab, P. 86)
He was the supportive to the stance of Ahle Sunnat majority. British man is disbeliever and enemy of Muslims like Hindu. This was the same philosophy of Imam Ahmed Raza رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ too. Due to this philosophy, Pakistan came into being. When a delegation of Congress brought the message of freedom in leading of Gandhi, he said, “We will not accept anyone’s leadership at all because our leader and the true guider is Muhammad Rasool Allah جل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم and our rules of procedure is the Holy Quran.”
During the case, British government sent several agents to Peer Sahib and they said, “if you apologize to the British government, you can be forgiven and you can escape from hanging too” but Peer Sahib gave the same answer to all, and undoubtedly! Such a reply that the fan of freedom and a son of Sadat can only give. He said, “Martyrdom is our crown and wearing it by moving forward is the worship for us. We want just freedom and it is not any crime. We cannot imagine about apologizing to the cruel person because we seek the forgiveness of our sins only from Almighty Allah.” When British men prosecuted on him in the military court, he expressed the disgust and apathy in such a manner, which is in accordance with the glory of freedom fighters and Islamic soldiers. While smiling, he liked to put the noose of hanging around his neck but he did not tolerate the infidel’s slavery and apologizing to the cruel person. (Tazkira Peeran Pagara, 188)
Date of Martyrdom:
He was hanged in the central Jail of Hyderabad at dawn just 35 years old on the 20th of March in 1943 AD/ Rabi-ul-Awwal, 1362 AH. Difference of opinion is found in his burial and the Shrine. One view is that through a launch, he was buried in ‘Astola island’ which is located to the west of Karachi but the researcher Allama Zain-ul-Abideen Rashidi زید مجدہ شرفہ said, “according to my view, his Shrine is on the hill of Bahadurabad near ‘Bagh-o-Bahar lawn’, that is commonly called the Shrine of Bismillah Baba. (Almighty Allah knows better.)
[Anwar Ulama-e-Ahle Sunnat Sindh]
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