Hazrat Allama Maulana Fazal Ahmed Sufi (تذکرہ / سوانح)
Hazrat Allama Maulana Fazal Ahmed Sufi علیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘MAULANA FAZAL AHMED SUFI’ and his respected father’s name is ‘Sultan-ul-Waizeen Khalifa-e-Ala Hazrat Maulana Abdul Ahad Muhaddis Pilibhiti رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ’. His genealogy is as follows:
“Maulana Fazal Ahmed Sufi son of Maulana Abdul Ahad Muhaddith Pilibhiti son of Maulana Shah Wasi Ahmed Muhaddith Surti son of Maulana Muhammad Tayyab son of Muhammad Tahirعلیھم الرّحمہ.”
Date of Birth:
He was a middle son of Sultan-ul-Waizeen Khalifa-e-Ala Hazrat Maulana Abdul Ahad Muhaddith Pilibhitiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He was born with his brother Maulana Hakeem Qari Ahmed Pilibhiti رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ twin in his maternal grandfather’s house at Ganj Moradabad (Kanpur district) on Wednesday, 28th of Dhul Hijjah, in 1329 AH/ 20 December, 1911 AD.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He received early education from his respected father and uncle Maulana Abdul Hai رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما and he read some books of Sarf-o-Nahu (Arabic grammar) from Maulana Fazal Haq Rehmani Pilibhiti. Then, he went to Kanpur where he took the admission in Haleem Muslim High School and he passed metric exam with high marks. He was interested in essay writing to the early age. Therefore, he initially started writing the articles on literary topics and he issued a literary monthly (Tehreerain) form Kanpur but in view of financial difficulties, by leaving that activity, he joined to C.T.M office of railway. He got many opportunities of reading and writing in Mumbai and he started writing the articles to the newspapers. He was expert in Arabic, Persian, Urdu and English language simultaneously. This was the period when Mumbai was the rise of national politics and Muslim leaders were struggling day and night to awaken Muslim political status. Therefore, he picked up the pen on the national topics and he expressed his ideas openly despite being a government employee. It has a guess from his written diaries that he continued studying to enhance his knowledgeable capability and he studied with hard working from 1935 to 1938.
He took an oath of the allegiance on the blessed hand of his respected father Sultan-ul-Waizeen Maulana Abdul Ahad Pilibhitiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Qadri order.
Character and Peculiarities:
His great services were too much in the period of temptation. Without any threat and fear, he paid the right of guide and advocacy of Muslims at every levels. Why would not have been so? Whose father was Khalifa-e-Ala Hazrat and grandfather was Imam-ul-Muhaddiseenرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما .
Services in Pakistan Movement:
He used to say that telling truth and boldness is a symbol of bravery. He would tell the truth without fear and support it. In 1935, returning to the country of Quaid-e-Azam from England, is pleasing for Muslims. After death of Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar, there was no leader in the Muslims’ political party, who could lead them towards the right direction in the political struggle. Allama Iqbal was also trying to create the intellectual revolution among the Muslims but he also needed someone who could give his dreams a reality. Therefore, on the return of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah in India, every class of Muslims warmly welcomed him and assured him to their cooperation. In those days, he was staying in Mumbai and the eyes of the subcontinent's Muslims were on the same side. Maulana Fazal Ahmed Sufi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ also cooperated with him at this stage and he openly began to support Muslim league. Meanwhile, troubled by popularity of Muslim league, some leaders who were brought by Jamiat Ulama-e-Hind (Deobandis), they spread Shia-Sunni conflict in Lucknow so that Muslims might be victimized of sectarianism and Muslim league could not succeed in reorganization. In this regard, some leaders started cursing at Muslim league and Quaid-e-Azam. They said Muslim league claimed to be the sole representative of Muslims but why it kept silent in resolving the differences of Shia and Sunni. Maulana Fazal Ahmed رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ wrote an article in ‘Times of India’ at that occasion and said, what did Muslim league pay the role in resolving the differences of Sunni and Shia? He wrote, Perhaps these objectors are unaware of the fact, that first of all Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah presented services of Muslim league in this regard but on the basis of unknown reasons, they were not accepted. In such a case, what could have been better strategy for Muslim league, except silence? Because, a political party should stay away from this kind of sectarian demonstrations. (Times of India, 25May, 1939)
The approval of Pakistan resolution (23 March, 1940 in Lahore) was became the cause of great happiness for him. Therefore, he highlighted the features of Muslim league homeland plan and Lahore Resolution which later became the Pakistan Resolution, in his articles. He presented them on the criterion of international politics. In this regard, his article ‘Muslim League Homeland Plan’ in “the Progress” magazine which was published in Mumbai, had the basic importance. Because in this article, he gave the satisfactory response to those objections which were raised by Hindus, immediately after approving Pakistan resolution in Lahore. Maulana Fazal Ahmed Sufi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ wrote a letter under the title of ‘Pakistan’ to the editor of ‘Times of India’ on the 3rd of December, 1941, in which he wrote that “leaders of congress especially those whose views were like Mr. Munshi, they are very angry with Muslims due to demanding Pakistan but it is more necessary than anger, that it should be considered on the factors, which forced to Muslims for demanding Pakistan.
It is also worth mentioning thing here. Before accepting the ministries by Congress, why did not Muslims demand to Pakistan? It was the nationalistic and prejudiced mentality of Congress which became the cause of demanding Pakistan. While accepting this fact, the Congress leader Domaisa said during speech in central assembly that, “In fact, the founder of Pakistan was not Mr. Jinnah but Mr. Gandhi was who separated to all the people from one another.” (Pakistan, the letter written by Fazal Ahmed Sufi, printed by Times of India, 3 December, 1941.)
From 1939 to 1947, he wrote very solid articles on the policies of Muslim league as an effective advocate of Pakistan Movement and he intensely condemned the communal mentality of congress. In this regard, he did not leave to the leaders of Jamiat Ulama-e-Hind and Abul Kalam Azad too and he pointed the shortcomings of their political role.
After being transferred from Mumbai, he went to Karachi at the end of 1946. Then, he got sick severely in the tuberculosis (T.B) and he passed away on Saturday in 2 Safer-ul-Muzaffar, 1368 AH/ 4 December, 1948. Maulana Hakeem Qari Ahmed Pilibhitرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ led his funeral prayer. He was buried in ‘Mewa Shah graveyard’, which is an ancient cemetery of Karachi.