He is famous by the name of Al-Imam, Al-Aarif, Al-Aalim, Al-Sheikh-ul-Akbar, Al-Kibreet-ul-Ahmar, Abu Abdullah, Muhiyuddin, Muhammad Ibn Ali, Ibn-ul-Arabi and Al-Sheikh-ul-Akbar. His name is Muhammad Ibn-ul-Arabi, kunyat ‘Abu-Bakr’ and title is ‘Muhiyuddin’. In Sufism and Tareeqat, he is known as ‘Sheikh-e-Akbar’ (the greatest Sheikh). This title was never used to any other Sheikh in Sufis till now. He belonged to the famous tribe ‘Tayy’ of Arab. His ancestor Hatim Tai was the leader of the Arabian tribe Banu ‘Tayy’ and he was the famous because of generosity, not only in the Arab countries but also in all around the world. His family from the generation of Hatim Tai, was the important status in piety, honor and wealth. The renowned Sufi saint Abu Muslim Khawlani was his uncle.
He was born in Marcia city of Undlasin on 17 Ramadan-ul-Mubarak 560 A.H.
Good news of Ghaus-ul-Azam رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہ :
Sheikh Muhammad Sadiq Shaibani Qaadiri wrote in Manaaqib-e-Ghausiyyah that the father of Sheikh Muhiyuddin Ibn-e-Arabi, Ali son of Muhammad was merely childless; even he was fifty years old. His respected father went to the court of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہ and he requested for the supplication of children. Huzoor-e-Ghaus-e-Azam رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہ prayed in the court of Almighty Allah. The voice came from unseen that “there is no children in his destiny”. However, if anyone else grants him, the part of his own child. Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہ touched his back (pusht) with the back of Ali son of Muhammad and then said, “A child was still remaining from my descendant and I gave him to you. He will be born at your home. I named him Muhammad and gave the title of ‘Muhyiuddin’. This child will get the higher level and great status among the Auliya. Therefore, Nine months later, as per glad tidings of Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہ, a child was born in the home of Ali son of Muhammad. He brought that child in the court of Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam رَحْمَۃُ اللہِ تَعَالٰی عَلَیْہ and he saw with grace and affection towards child. This is my son and he will become the Qutb of the time, اِنْ شَآءَ اللہُ جَلَّ جَلَالُہٗ. The mysteries of monotheism that have not been described by any monotheist until today will be described by this child clearly.
(“Khazeenat-ul-Asfiyaa (Qaadriyyah), p 186; “Mehr-e-Muneer”, p 472)
He made his homeland to Damascus in 620 A.H. The governor of there, Al-Malik-ul-Aadil invited him to come and stay there. He passed away over there on 28 Rabi-ul-Aakhir, 638 A.H/ 1240 A.D. He was buried in adjacent to the mountain Qaasiyoon that is the resort of all till today.