Hazrat Khawaja Khuda Bakhsh Multani Summa Khir Puri علیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘KHAWAJA KHUDA BAKHSH’ and his title is ‘Multani’ due to connection to Multan. On the order of his Murshid, he went to Khairpur so he is called ‘Khair puri’. His genealogy is as follows:
“Maulana Khuda Bakhsh son of Maulana Jan Muhammad son of Maulana Inayatullah son of Maulana Hasan Ali son of Maulana Mahmood Jeo son of Maulana Muhammad Ishaq son of Maulana Alauddin علیھم الرّحمہ”
Date of Birth:
He was born in ‘Tulamba Town’ (a historical town of Khanewal district, that is hundred kilometers far from Multan.) in 1150 AH.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He received the primary education from his respected father. When he grew up a little bit, he went to Delhi on the order of his respected father. He chose the discipleship of Hazrat Shah Waliullah Muhaddis Dehlvi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Madrasa Rahimiyah Delhi and he completed Islamic Sciences from him. Along with studying Islamic Sciences, he got the spiritual benefits from some other Scholars too.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He took an oath of the allegiance on the blessed hand of Hazrat Khawaja Hafiz Muhammad Jamalullah Multaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and got the Khilafat too.
Character and Peculiarities:
He was a perfect Scholar of his time. After acquiring Islamic Sciences, he came back to Tulamba and began to live under the shadow of his respected father. After some time, he left Tulamba and emigrated to Multan. His residence was at the Mohalla ‘Kumhar pura’ of Multan, that is situated between Husain Agahi and Dolat Gate and he started teaching there. The fame of his teaching (Dars) became famous throughout the area in a short time and students started coming to him from the remote areas. As per a narration, he had taught the Holy Quran and Hadith in Multan for forty years and thousands people got the scholarly beneficence from him. The name of this Masjid of potters became famous with the name of ‘a teaching Mosque’ that is still famous with the same name. Faqih-ul-Asr Mufti-e-Azam of Multan Hazrat Allama Maulana Muhammad Shafee Chishti Golarviمدظلہ العالی a disciple of Hazrat Ghazali-e-Zamanرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ is still paying religious services for many years and he is illuminating the hearts of people by teaching of the Quran and Hadith. May he live long! Ameen
Once, this incident was mentioned in front of Hazrat Khawaja Fakhruddin Dehlvi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ that The authority of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria Multaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ is also obvious after his demise. That any Waliullah cannot live in Multan without his consent. Hazrat Khawaja Dehlviرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ got silent after listening it. Next day, he gave an order to Hazrat Qbila Alalm رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ that Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Aalameen رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ came here tonight and he handed over Multan us. Say to Hafiz Jamalرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ , that take the oath of the allegiance in front of the blessed Shrine of Hazrat Sheikh-ul-Islamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ by going to Multan. First of all, he took an oath of the allegiance to Maulana Khuda Bakhsh Multani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and granted him the spiritual blessings. After choosing Mureedi of Hazrat Hafiz Jamalullah Multaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ , he started passing through the stages of ‘Sulook’ and he excessively began to spend day and night in worshipping and remembering to Almighty Allah. Murshid-closeness desire grew day by day and he gradually reached to the higher level of spirituality. He already had the fame of knowledge and he also got the eternity-fame through the companionship of his perfect Sheikh.
In the Service of Qibla Alamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ :
Once, Hafiz Jamalullahرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ intended to go to Mahar Sharif and he took him along. They had not reached to Mahar yet, Qibla Alamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ said to his devotees that this time Hafiz Sahib is coming with a wonderful gift. Everyone thought, that would be a thing made by Multan but he said no, this gift is the special-caste of Maulana Sahib which he is bringing for me. In short, when Maulana reached there and got the privilege to see Qibla Alam Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ so he was approved in the first meeting. Hazrat Qibla Alam Sahib رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ would describe the attributes of Maulana Sahib and he would also express the natural ability and skills of Maulana Sahib again & again.
Absorption and unconscious condition got dominated on him in such a manner, that he would forget the way during walking. One day, Hafiz Sahib told the condition of Maulana to Qibla Alam Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He said, stop all the incantations (Aurad-o-Wazaif) of him and appoint him only for teaching, which is useful for everyone. Therefore, Maulana Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ got busy in teaching of the traditional knowledge as per the guidance of Hazrat Qibla Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He used to teach Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh, beliefs, astronomy, Sarf-o-Nahw, logic and rhetoric etc. and he remained busy in giving the beneficence to the people. His Scholarly perfection received the fame among all the people. He did not leave any deficiency to give the beneficence and advantage to the people from youth to senility. The number of people who got the turban of honor by completing Islamic Sciences from his Madrasa, are countless and the ordinary students are not in any count. He was an endless river of generosity and beneficence, thousands thirsty students quenched their thirsty through the river of his knowledge. Even, a single drop of his heart was the priceless pearl. He could not continue teaching due to physical weakness so he was busy in writing his famous book “Taufiqiyah”, by saving time from his incantations (Aurad-o-Wazaif’) and he wrote the directions of Shariah, manners of Tareeqat, realities of the fact and mysteries of the knowledge of Allah Almighty in that book.
When Hazrat Qibla Alamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ passed away, his funeral was ready. Thereafter, the righteous people of that time recommended that the person who did not leave any ‘Mustahab’ in his entire life, should lead his funeral prayer and anyone had not trust on oneself. By the Grace of Almighty Allah, he was the only person who was deserving of that privilege and he got the privilege of leading the funeral prayer of Hazrat Qibla Alamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ .
He passed away on Thursday, on 1st Safar-ul-Muzaffar, 1250 AH/ June, 1834 AD and his blessed Shrine is the resort of all in Khairpur Tamiwali, Bahawalpur district.