Hazrat Khwajah Abu Yousuf Hamdani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
His name was Yousuf son of Ayub and kunyat was Abu Yaqoob.
Date of Birth:
He was born in Buzanjird village (a suburb region of Hamdan) in 441 AH.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He came to Baghdad at the age of eighteen years and he learnt Fiqh from Abu Ishaq Shirazi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ. Even he got the complete expertise in the principle of Jurisprudence and the religion. He performed the hearing of Hadith from Qazi Abul Hasnain Muhammad son of Ali son of Muhtadee billah Abul Ghana’im Abdus Samad son of Ali son of Mamoon, Abu Jafar son of Ahmed son of Muslim علیھم الرّحمۃ. He also got the benefits from the Mashaikh of Isfahan and Samarqand. Apart from that, he gave up everything and he chose the worship and mystical exercise as his goal of life.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He was connected with Hazrat Abu Ali Farmadi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Sufism and he also got the mystical dress and beneficence from Sheikh Abdullah Juwayni Nishapuri and Sheikh Hasan Simnamiعلیھم الرّحمۃin Isfahan. After that, he settled the mystical ways in the service of Hazrat Abu Ali Farmadi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ.
Character and Peculiarities:
He was a scholar, spiritualist, Arif (the recognizer of Almighty Allah), ascetic, worshiper, Sahib-e-Haal (knower of the condition of hearts) and miraculous personality. He was counted in the prominent Mashaikh of his time. No one trained his Mureeds like him in Khurasan. Lots of scholars and jurists used to present in his gathering. All the people would get the benefits from his teachings. He kept on preaching more than eight years and he stayed in suburb of Khurasan for some days. He never went outside except Juma prayer. Four of his Khulafa, Khwajah Abdul Khaliq Gijdawani, Khwajah Ahmed Yasawi, Khwaja Ahmed Indaqi and Abdullah Barqi gained the great popularity. He also stayed in Marau for so long. He had the most students in his Khanqah of others. He went to Hirat from Marau, some days later, he returned back to Marau. Subsequently, he permanently took up the residence in Hirat. After that, he went to Marau again and it was his last travel.
Ghaus-ul-Azamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ met him
Like him, at the age of 18, Huzoor Sayyiduna Ghaus-ul-Azam also came to Baghdad from his homeland for the acquisition of knowledge. When he completed his study, he met to Hazrat Khwaja Yousuf Hamdani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He wrote about that meeting like this:
“A person came in Baghdad who was called Yousuf Hamdaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and it was called that he was a Qutb. He stayed at inn. When I listened about him, then went there but I did not find him. I came to know after inquiring that he was in Sardab. Thus, I went there, then he immediately stood by looking at me. He sat me close to him and mentioned my circumstances to me. He solved my all difficulties. Then, he said to me that preach to the people. I requested, I am an Ajmi (non-Arab) and what is the value of my speech against the eloquence of people of Baghdad? After listening that he said, you have memorized the Jurisprudence and its principles, differences in religion, Nahw, language’s vocabulary and interpretation of the Holy Quran and you have the ability of delivering sermon. Deliver speech in front of people on the pulpit because I am looking a root in you which will soon become the tree.”
It is proved that Khwajah Yousuf Hamdani is the one of the great Mashaikh who likes Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and he kept on presenting in his blessed company too.
He passed away at the age of ninety five years in Baamiain village between Hirat and Baghshoor on 17 Rajab-ul-Murajjab 526 AH/ 1142 AD and he was buried there. Some days later, one of his specific Mureeds Sheikh son of Najjar (Tujjar has been also mentioned in some books) buried him in Marau by carrying his blessed body where the Shrine is the resort of all today.