Imam-ul-Muslimeen Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is Musa, titles are Kazim, Saleh (righteous) and Sabir (patient), kunyats are Abul Hasan, Abu Ibrahim and Abu Ali. His genealogy is as following:
“Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim son Imam Jafar Sadiq son of Imam Muhammad Baqir son of Ali Imam Zain-ul-Abideen son of Sayyid-ush-Shuhada Imam Husain son of Hazrat Ali-ul-Murtaza علیھم الرّضوان.”
His respected mother’s name was Umm-al-Walad Hamidah Barbara.
Date of Birth:
He was born at ‘Abwa’(A place name between Makkah and Madina, where is the blessed shrine of Sayyidah Aminah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا) on Sunday in 7 Safar-ul-Muzaffar, 128 A.H.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
As per the family traditions, he got the inward and outward knowledge from his respected father Sayyiduna Imam Jafar Sadiq رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ. He got the complete expertise in all the Islamic sciences. Even that, he included in the row of renowned Scholars of his time. Rather, he took the lead upon them due to all the higher relations, excellences, knowledge and piety.
Character and Peculiarities:
Sayyiduna Abul Hasan Imam Musa Kazim رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ was the greater luminary of Sadat-e-Bani Hashim, the perfect seal of knowledge and piety, the knowledge and attributes of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , the trustee of Shariat-o-Tariqat and family dignity and decency, the perfect inherit of legacy of knowledge and family of Maula Aliکرم اللہ تعالٰی وجہہ الکریم and Sayyiduna Imam Husain رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ. They were his perfect guardians. He was acquainted with all the knowledge and languages. It is narrated in ‘Mir"at-ul-Asrar’ that, “Once, a person came to meet him and started talking in birds’ language. Thus, he kept on replying in the same language. When he went out, then someone asked him that which language was that? We had never listened before. He said, that was a national language of Jenies. It is fact that Almighty Allah bestowed him the knowledge of languages of all creatures. It is not the surprise. Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran, “و علم آدم الاسماء کلہا”. He was a such ‘Mustajab-ud-Dawaat’ (whose prayers are accepted by Almighty Allah) that people would understand him as the mediation in the auspicious court of Almighty Allah and people had him make the prayers so that they might achieve their goals. For this reason, he was called ‘Bab-e-Qaza-ul-Hawaaij’ (a door of the fulfillment of needs) by the people of Iraq.
He was the great worshiper, ascetic, ‘Qaim-ul-Layl’ (i.e. the person, who constantly worships throughout the night) and ‘Saim-un-Nahaar’(i.e. the person, who fasts continuously). He was called by the title of ‘Abdus Saleh’ of awakening all night in the worship and because of abundant worship and the interpretation of Islamic laws. He used to give money to the people secretly according to their needs. His respected father Imam Jafar Sadiq رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ said, “He is the best child in all my children and he is one of the pearls of Almighty Allah.
Imam Shafai رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ said, “The blessed Shrine of Musa Kazim رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ has a status of the experience for the acceptance of prayers.
Imam Khalal Hambali رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ said, “Whenever I faced any difficulty in my life, then I would go to the Shrine of Imam Musa Kazim son of Jafar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہماand I would give his ‘waseelah’ (intermediary) in the auspicious court of Almighty Allah, so Allah جل جلالہwould easily fulfill my wish by removing my difficulty.”
(Tareekh-e-Baghdad, chapter, Ma Zikr Fi Maqabir-ul-Baghdad)
On the order of the empire of that time, he was given the mixed poison into date-palm in the age of fifty five years. After eating the date-palm, he said, “The enemy gave me the poison and I will die after three days.” It exactly happened as he said. Thus, he got the martyrdom in 25 Rajab-ul-Murajjab 183 AH. His blessed Shrine is situated at the location of Kazmeen Sharif in Baghdad.مزید