Sayyid-ush-Shuhada Hazrat Imam Husain رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘HAZRAT IMAM HUSAINرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ ’ and his Kunyat is ‘Abu Abdullah’. These titles were given to him, such as “Wali, Zaki, Tayyab, Mubarak, Rehanat-ur-Rasoolصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, Sibt-ur-Rasool صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, Shaheed and Al-Tabi-al-Mardhatillah.” His genealogy is as follows:
“Imam Husain son of Ameer-ul-Momineen Ali-al-Murtada son of Abi Talib son of Abdul Mutallib son of Hashimعلیھم الرّضوان and from mother’s side, Hazrat Imam Husain son of Sayyidatunnisa Hazrat Fatima-tuz-Zahra daughter of Hazrat Muhammad son of Abdullah son of Abdul Mutallibصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم و رضوان اللہ تعالٰی علیھم اجمعین.”
Date of Birth:
He was born in Madina-tul-Munawwarah on 5th Shaban-ul-Muazzam, 4 Hijri/ 8 January, 626 AD.
The Blessed Character:
He was a perfect personality in knowledge, practice, ascetic, piety, generosity, bravery, moral, kindness, patience, gratitude, tolerance and modesty and he was also the world-famous personality in hospitality, graciousness and the helper of the oppressed people, kindness towards his relations as well as in loving with poor and needy people. He performed twenty five Hajj on foot. He used to offer three thousand supererogatory prayer in a day and night and he would abundantly recite the Holy Quran. He was so beautiful that, when he would sit in darkness so ways would enlighten by glowing of his blessed forehead and cheeks. He was like the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم from chest to toe. (Khazinat-ul-Asfiya: 73)
Excellences and Qualities:
Rasool Allah جل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said, “حسین منی وانا من الحسین احب اللہ من احب حسینا، حسین سبط من الاسباط۔”
Husain is of me and I am of him, Allah loves those who loves Husain, Husain is the beloved one of my children. (Jami’ Tirmidhi: 3774)
The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said, “اللھم انی احبہ فاحبہ” O Almighty Allah! I love Husain, so please love him. (Musnad Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal: V. 5, P. 105)
Who is Husain رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ ?
He was a Sayyid-ush-Shuhada, the rider of the blessed shoulders of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , the blessed horseman of the Karbala-ground, a grandson of Imam-ul-Ambiyaصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم و علیھم السّلام, the heart-peace of Khairunnisa رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا, an embodiment of Murtaza’s braveryرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ, the brother of Hazrat Hasan Mujtabaرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and he was also a leader of worshipers. He was such a worshiper that he spent the whole night of Ashura in worshipping in highly helpless condition in his tent and there was not any fear of profit and loss in his blessed heart at that time. He was such an unique worshiper that despite of being wounded by countless arrows, swords and spears onto his blessed body, he was very peaceful by placing his blessed head in the auspicious court of Almighty Allah in the state of prostration on the scorching sands. He was a benefactor of Islam and humanity who was steadfastly standing alone against thousands enemies in a state of lacking the necessary equipment notwithstanding hunger and thirst of many days. Even, the rain of arrows, stormy attack of swords and the thousands sharp point of spears could not shake his strong perseverance. The grandson of Rasool Allah جل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم was that reciter of the Holy Quran, who raised the flag of glory, honor and dignity of Islam in the violent bazaars of Kufa and in the crowd of oppressive people. For encouraging his devotees and for raising the dignity of the Holy Quran, he recited the Holy Quran in such manner that he gave an unique example by bleeding in the Karbala ground, by which heart of devils got depressed, disbelievers’ world was destroyed and the worldly rulers’ plans got failed.
سر ترا نیزے پہ، جاری لب پہ قرآں واہ حسین
رو پڑے نوری یہ اندازِ تلاوت دیکھ کر
Husainiat and Yazeediat:
The first message of the martyrdom of Imam-e-Aali Maqam رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ is a message of the practical struggle. The love of Husainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ should not be remained formal, rather we should implement it on all the aspects of our life and we should make it the purpose of our life. We should know that what is the character of Hazrat Imam Husainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and Yazid. Yazid neither denied of the Islam openly nor worshipped to idols. Similarly, he did not demolish Masajid but he used to take the name of Islam. Yazidi character is that on the one hand, he is a Muslim and the other hand he cheats with Islam, i.e. he takes the name of Islam and his deeds like the disbelievers. Deceiving with Islam and Muslims is the name of Yazeediat. Yazid is found in every era. Only faces change and the role is the same.
حقیقت ابدی ہے مقام شبیری
بدلتے رہتے ہیں انداز کوفی و شامی
First of all, create the glory of Husaini Character in your heart, then sincerely follow the character of Hazrat Imam Husainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ . Oppose and compete against the Yazeedi role through the power of Husaini character and shatter the idols of Yazeediat, although you have to sacrifice your wealth, life and your descendants in this way. The fate of Yazid is defeat. Only true passion need for it.
قتل حسین اصل میں مرگِ یزید ہے
اسلام زندہ ہوتا ہے ہرکربلا کے بعد
Date of Martyrdom:
He was martyred in the state of prostrating in Karbala on Friday, 10th Muharram-ul-Haram, 60 AH/ October, 679 AD and his blessed Shrine is in Iraq.
[Tareekh-ul-Khulafa, Khazinat-ul-Asfiya, Aal-e-Rasoolصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم و علیھم الرّضوان , Musnad-e-Imam and Jami’ Tirmidhi]مزید