Imam Hasan Mujtaba

Imam Hasan Mujtaba رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ 

Name and Lineage: 

His blessed name is ‘HASANرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and his kunyat is ‘Abu Muhammad’. His blessed titles are ‘Taqi, Naqi, Zaki, Syed Shabab-e-Ahlul Jannah, Sibt-e-Rasoolصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , Mujtaba, Jawwad, Kareem, Shabeeh-e-Rasoolصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  and Raihanat-un-Nabiصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم . His genealogy is as follows: 

Imam Hasan Mujtabaرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  son of Ali-ul-Murtaza رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ son of Abi Talib son of Abdul Mutallib son of Hashim son of Abd Manaf and so on until the end.” 

His blessed father رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ is Sayyid-ul-Auliya, his blessed mother رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا is Sayyidatun Nisa and his grandfather is Sayyid-ul-Ambiyaصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم و علیھم السّلام .   

Date of Birth: 

He was born in Madina-tul-Munawwarah on Monday, on the 15th of Ramadan-ul-Mubarak, in 3 Hijri/ February, 625 AD. The good news of his birth was given to the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  so he صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم went quickly to see him. Rasool Allahجل جلا لہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  called the Adhan in his right ear and Takbeer in the left ear. Then, he صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم put his own blessed ‘Luab-e-Dahan’ (the blessed Saliva) in the mouth of Hazrat Hasan رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ. That’s why, he became the chief of heaven. Hazrat Abdullah son of Zubairرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما  used to say that “واللہ ما قامت النّساء عن مثلِ الحسن بن علی” I swear to Almighty Allah, no child was not born from any woman like Hazrat Hasan. (Al-Bidaya Wa’l-Nihaya) 

Character and Peculiarities: 

He was a great meek, perfect, compassionate, generous, humble and the tolerant person. Similarly, he had  the trust on Almighty Allah and had the dignified personality. He remained busy in the asceticism and self-denial practice. According to the saying of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, he was the last ‘Khalifa-e-Rashid’. From blessed head to the chest, Hazrat Imam Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  was very similar to the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  and Hazrat Imam Husainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  had much resemblance to Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  from the blessed chest to feet. Hazrat Anasرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  said, “No one was not more resemblance to the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  than Sayyidah Fatima-tuz-Zahra and Hazrat Imam Husainعنھما  رضی اللہ تعالٰی.” He performed twenty-five Hajj on foot, although top race camels and horse were present at the door. He was a very generous. Several times, he sacrificed all his household goods in the way of Almighty Allah and the sponsorship of the orphans, needy people and widows, was his mission. 

Sayyiduna Siddiq-e-Akbar’s love with Hazrat Imam Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما : 

Hazrat Uqba son of Harithرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  said, “I saw Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiqرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  that he was picking up Hazrat Imam Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  and he was saying that 

“وھو یقول بابی، شبیہ بالنبی لیس شبیہ بعلی۔ وعلی یضحک۔” 

Sacrifice my parents! “(O Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ ) you are the resemblance to the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , not to Hazrat Ali رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ.” After listening it, Hazrat Aliرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  smiled.

(Sahih-al-Bukhari, in the excellence of Hazrat Imam Hasan and Husainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما , P. 187) 

“عن عبداللہ بن عمررضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما قال:  ابو بکر رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ ارکبوا محمدًا صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم فی اھل بیتہ” 

It is narrated by Abdullah son of Umarرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما  that Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiqرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  said,” The pleasure of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  is in loving to his (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم) family.” (ibid) 

Sayyiduna Farooq-e-Azam’s love with Hazrat Imam Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما : 

Hazrat Farooq-e-Azamرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  had the great respect for Hazrat Hasnain Karimainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما. He fixed their stipend more than the children of all Sahaba-e-Kiramعلیھم الرّضوان . The stipend of children of Badri Sahabaرضوان اللہ تعالٰی علیھم اجمعین  was two thousand but the stipend of Hazrat Hasnain Karimain رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما was five thousand. (Manaqib-e-Ahle Bait: 406) 

Once, Sayyidatun Nisa رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا came to the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  with Hasnain Karimainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما  and requested that “O Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , please! bestow something to my both children.” The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  said: 

“اما الحسین فلہ ھیبتی و سوددی، واماالحسین فلہ جراٗتی و جودی۔” 

Awe and leadership was granted to Hazrat Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  and the bravery and generosity was bestowed to Hazrat Husainرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ . (Manaqib-e-Ahle Bait: 404) 

Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  said, “من احبنی فلیحبہ، فلیبلغ الشاہد منکم الغائب۔” (Zakhair-ul-Uqba: 123) The one who wants to love me, must love Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ . 

Rasool Allahعزوجل و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  said, “من سرہ ان ینظر الٰی سید شباب اہل الجنہ، فلینظر الی الحسن” (Al-Sawa’iq-al-Muhariqah: 192) 

Whoever wants to see the leader of the youth of heaven, see Hazrat Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ . 

The Caliphate of Hazrat Imam Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ : 

After the martyrdom of Hazrat Maula Ali کرم اللہ وجہہ الکریم, Muslims took the pledge of allegiance on the blessed hand of Hazrat Imam Hasanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  in the month of Ramadan-ul-Mubarak in 40 Hijri. When this news got to the governor of Sham (Syria), they planned to invade. Carrying the sixty-thousand armed forces they went out to conquer Iraq. On the other hand, when this news reached to Hazrat Imam Hasan that a strong force is coming from Syria; he went out to defend by carrying with an armed force and they stayed at Maskaf Mada’in. The army thought, that his intention is not to fight. When it was confirmed by him in this regard, he said, “I like Muslims unity, their prosperity, their lives & wealth and their reconciliation with each other very much.” Due to it, differences were found in his army. He was dignified and had the great tolerant personality. The emotionalism and egoism etc. could not overcome him. He reconciled with Ameer Muawiyah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and withdrew from the caliphate. Thus, he saved thousands precious lives of Muslims and he became the verifier of the saying of his grandfatherصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم . 

Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  said: 

(Bukhari, Hadith: 2704)ان ابنی ھٰذا سیّد ولعلّ اللہ ان یصلح بہٖ بین فئتین عظیمتین من المسلمین۔ 

“This my son is Syed, by whom Almighty Allah will reconcile between the two big groups of Muslims.” When he withdrew from the caliphate, some of his emotional companions said, یا عار المسلمین it is the shame for Muslims. He replied instantly, العارخیرمن النّار Shy is better than the fire of Hell. It is big lesson in these words for today’s leaders of Ummat-e-Muslimah. In the war of the power, millions Muslims blood is being shed. Due to disagreement, today Ummat-e-Muslimah is going towards the devastation. The clever enemy is destroying the Ummat-e-Muslimah through confusion and Muslim leaders are busy in luxuries. Would that today’s leaders become a preacher of the unity and peace by following the character of Hazrat Imam Husain, thus they can be alive for ever. 

Date of Martyrdom: 

The big difference is found in the year and date of martyrdom. According to the right saying, his martyrdom date is 20th of Saffar-ul-Muzaffar, in 49 Hijri. Because of the poison, he was martyred. Who gave the poison? History is quiet in this regard. Apart from that, all the speculations and gildings are of Rafidis. 

References: 

[Al-Bidaya Wal Nihaya, Al-Sawaiq-al-Muhariqah, Manaqib-e-Ahle Bait, Aal-e-Rasool صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم و علیھم الرّضوان and twelve Imams]

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