Sheikh Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomiعلیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is‘MUBARAK’and his respected father’s name is Ali.His Kunyat is‘Abu Saeed’andhis titlesare‘Qazi-ul-Qaza and Muslihuddin’.Due to connection with Banu Makhzum tribe, he was called ‘Makhzoomi’.His genealogy is given below:
“Sheikh Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi son of Ali son Husain son of Bandaar Al-Baghdadiعلیھم الرّحمہ.”
Date of Birth:
He was born at MukharramMohalla of Baghdad (Iraq).
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He got the perfect beneficence and receivedthe beneficial knowledgefrom the companionship of Syed Younus, Sheikh Samad Abdaal and Sheikh Abul Fazal Sarakhsiعلیھم الرّحمہ. He was aHanbali and the Juristof that time. He was acknowledged as a Sheikh and Imam in creed and law of the Hanbali sect and he held the post of ‘Qazi-ul-Qaza’ (a chief Justice) of Baghdad.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He was a Mureed and the great Khalifa of Sheikh Abul Hasan Ali Hakkariرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . In addition to that, he got the beneficence from Syed Younus, Sheikh Samad Abdaal and Sheikh Abul Fazal Saraksiعلیھم الرّحمہ .
Character and Peculiarities:
He was a great Khalifa of Hazrat Sheikh Abul Hasan Ali Hakkariرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He did tough mystical exercise by living in the service of his Sheikh for eighteen years.After becoming perfect, he got the saintly dress from Sheikh.He laid the foundation of ‘Babul Azaj Baghdad’and started the Islamic education there. Almost all the Scholars of that time were his disciples.He entrustedthis Madrasa to Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in his own life. He would busy in the publicationof the Islamic knowledge all the time.Along with current education, students wouldget the inward knowledgeatthe Islamic institutions at that time.Teacherswould exclusively pay attention towards their heart’s purificationwith their education and training. That is why, student of that time would not only be a Scholar but also he would become the perfect Wali after graduating at that time. He had the companionship of Hazrat Khizar علیہ السّلامand got many usefuloutward and inwardIslamic sciences from him. Once, he said to his perfect Mureed Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ , “O Abdul Qadir! that time is very near when your Astana will be the resort of all andyou will become the reviver of Muhammad’s religionصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم and the granter ofbeneficence to the people.”Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ was the great Khalifa of him.(Tazkira Qadria, P.97)
He passed away on Sunday on7th Muharram-ul-Haram in 513 AH/ 20th April, in 1119 AD. His blessed Shrine is the resort of all in ‘Bab-ul-Azaj’ in Baghdad.
[Sharif-al-Tawarikh and Tazkira Qadria]مزید