Hazrat Haji Waris Ali Shah (تذکرہ / سوانح)
Hazrat Haji Waris Ali Shah علیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘HAJI WARIS ALI SHAH’ and his title is ‘the founder of Warsi order (Silsila)’. His respected father’s name is ‘Syed Qurban Ali Shah’, who lived in Dewa Barabanki district (U.P) and he was counted in rich man of there. The saints of his family were the residents of Nishapur. By abandoning from Nishapur, he migrated to India.
Date of Birth:
He was born in Dewa Sharif (Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh, India) in 1232 AH/ 1817 AD.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
When he reached to the age of five years, his education was started regularly. He memorized the Holy Quran at the age of seven years and along with that, he also learnt the essential religious issues. Since the childhood, he used to go to Jungles and deserted areas due to the feelings of love because he would not like to live in city.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He was a Mureed and Khalifa of his brother in law Hazrat Syed Khadim Ali Shah Lucknowiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, who lived in Lucknow.
Character and Peculiarities:
He was a perfect Wali of his time. He acted on the saying of traveling on the land. Therefore, he traveled a lot. He used to go to the forests, deserts and mountains to observe the nature of Almighty Allah. He went to Mumbai from Ajmer Sharif and then, he reached to Jeddah. He arrived to Makkah-tul-Mukarramah on the 29th of Shaban-ul-Muazzam, 1253 AH. By performing Hajj, he went to Madina-tul-Munawwarah. He stayed for some days there and then, he departed from there. After visiting Bait-ul-Muqaddas, Damascus, Beirut, Baghdad, Kazmeen, Najaf Ashraf, Karbala-e-Mualla, Iran and Qustuntunia, he met with many Dervishes. Then, he went to Makkah-tul-Mukarramah. After performing Hajj, he went to Africa.
After returning to homeland, he saw his home broken and his relatives were occupying on household equipment. They got worried that he will take back his property and it is possible that he might prosecute in the court. He got hurt from their indifference and apathy. He did not consider suitable to stay more in his homeland. He did not marry and he was independent from the property, house and household equipment etc. and he used to reign in the poverty.
He was a tolerant, grateful (to Almighty Allah) and independent. He did not touch money. If somebody presented him something, he granted him better thing than that. The forgiveness and mercy was his habit. He did not like any kind of riding. and he would not sit on the tonga, buggy, horse shay, rail or airplane etc. Due to weakness, he would sit on the palanquin unwillingly. He would strictly follow the Sunnahs of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم . His diet was very low. He would eat the food in once a week for long time. Then, he began to eat after every third day. Because of weakness, he would eat a little bit each day or the next day. He would eat ‘Tharid’ (a traditional Arabian dish) with pleasure. After eating, he would use the toothpick and wash his hands. When he started wearing the pilgrim robe, then he did not take it off. On arrival at Karbala, he decided that he will not sleep on the wooden bed or cot and he remained adhering on it to the lifetime.
He said, “A woman whose husband is present and he lives with her. Therefore, she does not care for the food and other necessities because her husband arranges everything himself. When Almighty Allah is closer than your jugular vein (اقرب الیہ من حبل الورید) why human gets worried about his livelihood.”
Once it was being mentioned that it was reported in a Hadith that “Seventy-two of seventy-three Sects, are hellish and the one is heavenly.” When he was asked about that sect, he asked them. How many words are in ‘HASAD’ (envy)? Attendees replied, 72 words are in it. After listening it, he said, “Thus, which sect is out of envy, is heavenly.” (The malice with SAHABAعلیھم الرّضوان is found in Rafidis and the feelings of hatred with Rasoolصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم , Ahle Bait and Auliyaعلیھم الرّضوان و علیھم الرّحمہ are found in Khawarij. That is why, they are hellish and all the people of Ahle Sunnat are the slave of all the sacred personalities.)
He passed away on the 30th of Muharram-ul-Haran, 1323 AH/ April, 1905 AD and his blessed Shrine is the resort of all in Dewa Sharif, Barabanki district, U.P India.
[Tazkira Auliya-e-Pak-o-Hind and encyclopedia Auliya-e-Kiram, V.6]