|Date of Birth||1219|
|Date of demise||1297||Rabi-ul-Awwal||26|
Hazrat Syed Ghaus Ali Qalandar (تذکرہ / سوانح)
Hazrat Syed Ghaus Ali Qalandar علیہ الرّحمہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘HAZRAT SYED GHAUS ALI’ and his father’s name is Syed Ahmed Ali. His lineage ends on the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم through thirty-two mediums and he was a Hasani and Husaini Syed.
Date of Birth:
He was born at ‘Astahawan village’ on Friday in Ramadan, 1219 AH.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
His respected father called him into Delhi for starting his education and his education started in Delhi. He studied the books of Hadith and Fiqh under the guidance of Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddis-e-Dehlvi and Hazrat Maulana Shah Muhammad Ishaqرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما . He acquired the Logic and Islamic education from Maulvi Fazal Imam Sahib Khairabadi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and he studied Masnavi Maulana Rom رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ under Maulvi Qalandar Ali Jalalabadiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He got the expertise in astronomy and other extrinsic and esoteric knowledge.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He got the allegiance in several mystical orders and he took the advantage from the spiritual beneficence of Hazrat Lal Shahرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He was a Mureed and Khalifa of Hazrat Syed Fida Husain Rasool Shahiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Soharwardi order and he was the Mureed and Khalifa of Hazrat Syed Azam Ali Shahرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Qadri order. He was also a Mureed and Khalifa of Hazrat Habibullah Shah رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Naqshbandi order and similarly, he was the Mureed and Khalifa of Hazrat Ameeruddin رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Chishti order.
Character and Peculiarities:
He was an unique in esoteric perfections and incomparable in monotheism. He was well aware of the state of absorption. He was his own example in seclusion, contentment, tawakkul (trust in Almighty Allah) and mystical practice. It was his generosity state that whatever comes to him, instantly he used to distribute it among the needy people, widows and poor people. Questioner never returned back the empty-handed from Hazrat Syed Ali Qalandar’s homeرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . His diet was very low and he used to eat plain. He would wear the white and simple clothes and he did not wear the colorful dresses. He had the expertise in extrinsic and esoteric knowledge. He was a fountainhead of the Shariat and Tariqat and he was the unmatched in oratory, rhetoric and equanimity. His teachings was not useful only for the amateur people, Sufis and Mystics people, but also beneficial for all the people. He said that, “the Islamic development is dependent on the consensus, determination and honor.” He traveled to India. Similarly, he went to Makka-tul-Mukarramah, Madina-tul-Munawwarah, Baghdad, Najaf Ashraf and Bait-ul-Muqaddas and he got the spiritual benefits. He also visited Egypt, Rome and Syria and met with many Dervishes. He met with eighty-nine saints and got their esoteric beneficence. He spent the last moments of his life in Panipat and he used to live in a room of the Shrine of Qalandar Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ .
he passed away on 26th Rabi-ul-Awwal, 1297 AH/ March, 1880 AD and at the time of demise, he was seventy-eight years old. His blessed Shrine is located in Panipat.
[Tazkira-e-Auliya Pak-o-Hindعلیھم الرّحمہ ]