Hazrat Allama Syed Deedar Ali Shah (تذکرہ / سوانح)
Imam-ul-Fuqaha and Muhaddithin Hazrat Allama Syed Muhammad Deedar Ali Shah Alwari رحمۃاللہ تعالٰی علیہ
Name and Lineage:
His name was Syed Deedar Ali Shah son of Syed Najaf Ali Shah and his great-grandfather was Syed Khalil Shahرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and his kunyat was Abu Muhammad.
Date of Birth:
He was born at Muhallah Nawabpura in Alvar (India) on Monday in 1273 AH/ 1856 AD.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He learnt the Holy Quran from his respected uncle the Perfect Wali Maulana Syed Nisar Ali Shah Alwariرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . He studied the primary textbooks from Maulana Qamruddin and Maulana Shah Karamat Ali علیھم الرّحمۃ. He received the knowledge of Fiqh and logic from Maulana Irshad Husain Rampuriرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and completed the Daura-e-Hadith from Maulana Ahmed Ali Muhaddith Saharanpuri and Hazrat Maulana Shah Fazl-ur-Rahman Ganj Moradabadi علیھم الرّحمۃ . Hazrat Sheikh-ul-Islam Peer Syed Mehar Ali Shah Golarvi and Maulana Wasi Ahmed Muhaddith Surti رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ are his Dars fellows.
Allegiance and Caliphate (khilafat):
Whilst giving him and his son Mufti-e-Azam-e-Pakistan Allama Abul Barakaat Syed Ahmad Qadiri khilafat (caliphate) and permission, Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khanرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہم also granted the approval of all the incantations and narration of all the books of Fiqh-e-Hanafi.
Character and Peculiarities:
The Personality of Imam of Fuqaha and Muhaddithin, leader of Scholars and theologians, accumulator of the traditional and rational knowledge, Zubdat-ul-Mashaikh, Aftab-e-Shariat, Mahtab-e-Razawiyat, Abu Muhammad Syed Muhammad Deedar-e-Ali Shah علیہ الرّحمۃ does not need the introduction. The boldness and telling truth was his second nature. The uproar of opponents and jealous people could not have moved his stability. Any power of the world could not have frightened him. He was like the ocean of knowledge and grace. When he started teaching, for example, the Dars of Surat-ul-Fatiha, it would continue for a year in its specific times. It was the peculiarity of Dars that the listeners would become the punctual of the Shariah and hundreds of people would repent from their sins. Many of Hindus embraced Islam due to blessing of the same Dars of the Hoy Quran. His sermon would have been popular and effective among the people.
People was the confessor of his sincerity, sacrifice, ascetic, piety, simplicity and the high moral personality. He was very affectionate towards his students. The respect of Scholars was his tenet. He used to purchase his required goods from bazaar himself. Where he found something against the Shariah, he would rectify it through the gentle and sympathetic manner. He would teach the issues of trading to traders. He paid the special attention regarding the establishment of Masaajid and Madaaris to survive and develop the Maslak (sect) Ahl-e-Sunnat-wal-Jamaat and he remained associated with teaching, writing and compiling books as well as writing Fatawa. The Scholars of ‘Hizb-ul-Ahanaf’(Hanafi group) are performing the service of Maslak-e-Raza (which is exactly precise the Islam)in every town and city of Pakistan today.
His services for lovely Pakistan will be remembered forever. He gave the Fatwa in support of the two nation theory at that time and millions of its copies were distributed in the dimension of India. Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali inspired with that Fatwa and announced their full support and backing of the two nation theory. The liberals and congress Maulvis (who have now become the well-wishers of Pakistan) were forced to flee together by humiliating and degrading. But those who did not attend the trip, deprived from the destination. Ala Hazrat Mujaddid-e-Millat رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ remembered him like this,
مولانا دیدار علی کو کب دیدار دکھاتے یہ ہیں
He passed away in 22 Rajab-ul-Murajjab 1354 AH/ 20 October 1935 AD and He was buried inside the Jama Masjid Delhi, Lahore gate.