Sheikh-ul-Hadith Hazrat Allama Abdul Mustafa Azmiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘ALLAMA ABDUL MUSTAFA’ and title is Azmi. His genealogy is as follows:
“Muhammad Abdul Mustafa son of Sheikh Hafiz Abdur Raheem son of Sheikh Haji Abdul Wahab son of Sheikh Chaman son of Sheikh Noor Muhammad son of Sheikh Mithu Babaعلیھم الرّحمہ.” His respected mother’s name was Haleema Bibi.
Date of Birth :
He was born at the home of Sheikh Hafiz Abdur Raheemرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Ghosi a congested town of Azamgarh district of India, in Dhul Qadah, 1333 AH.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
By receiving early education from his respected father, he took the admission in Madrasa ‘Islamia Ghosi’ and got the further education of Urdu and Persian. He also got the Islamic teachings from ‘Nasir-ul-Uloom Ghosi’ for some months.After that, He studied from ‘Meezan to Shahrah-e-Jami from Madrasa ‘Maroofiya Maroofpura’. Then, he completed education from ‘Madrasa Muhammadiyah Hanfia Amroha’ and ‘Madrasa Manzar-e-Islam Barely’ respectively fromSheikh-ul-Ulama Hazrat Maulana Shah Owais Hasan alias Ghulam Jilani Azmi who was a Sheikh-ul-Hadith in ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Faiz-ur-Rasool Baraun Shareef (died in 1397 AH), Maulana HikmatullahAmrohi, Hazrat Maulana Syed Khalil Ahmed Kazmi Muhaddith Amrohi, Hazrat Maulana Sardar Ahmed Muhaddith Azam Pakistanعلیھم الرّحمہ.He also went to ‘Dar-ul-Uloom Hafiziya Sadia’ Dadun state Aligarh in 10 Shawwal, 1355 AH andstudied books of Hadith from Hazrat Sadrush Shariah رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ. He got the completion certificate in 1356 AH.Hazrat Maulana Syed Shah Misbah-ul-Hasan Sahib Chishtiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ tied the turban of honor on the head of Sheik-ul-Hadith Hazrat Allama Abdul Mustafa Azmiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ.A part from aforementioned Scholars, he also got the intellectual and spiritual benefits from the genius Scholars of that time.
He went to Hujjat ul Islam Hazrat Maulana Shah Hamid Raza Khan Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ who was a great Khalifa of Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, and got the benefits.He would highly favor him. He practicedof the legacy knowledge from the elder son of Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Raza Khan Sahib alias Nannay Mian of Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما and healso used to go tothe Dar-ul-Ifta ofHuzoor Mufti Azam Hind Maulana Shah Mustafa Raza Khan Nooriرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ who was the successor of Aliyah Qadriyah Razavia in Barely and younger Khalifa of Ala Hazrat رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ. Similarly, he would also go to Maulana Syed Suleman Ashraf Bihari professor of Deeniyat in Muslim University Aligarh who was the khalifa of Ala Hazrat رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and would getthe scholarly benefits from him.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He got the allegiance to Hazrat Hafiz Shah Abrar Hasan Khan Sahib Naqshbandi Shahjahanpuri رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in Naqshbandia order in 17 Safar-ul-Muzaffar, 1353 AHand Hujjat-ul-Islam Hazrat Maulana Hamid Raza Khan Sahib رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ granted him the caliphate (khilafat)in Qadria and Razavia order in 25 Safar-ul-Muzaffar, 1358 AH. After that,Hazrat Maulana Qazi Mahboob Ahmed Abbasi Sahib who was the Khalifa of Hafiz Shah Abrar Hasan Sahib Shah jahan puri also granted the Khilafat in Naqshbandia and Mujaddidia order.
Character and Peculiarities:
Faqih-e-Millat Hazrat Allama Mufti Muhammad Jalaluddin Sahib رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ said about him“Allama-tul-Asr Sheikh-ul-HadithHazrat Maulana Al-Haaj Abdul Mustafa Sahib Azmi Mujaddadi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہwas the prominent Scholar among the great Scholars of Ahle Sunnatwith special distinction in terms ofhis intellectual honor, grace and perfection.He was anauthentic scholar,expert in teaching and charming speaker. Being an inventor and successful writer of special writing style, he was very famous with the title of ‘Jami-ul-Sifaat’ around the country and abroad.After publishing his fifteen treatises and books on the important and particular topics,they have received the tribute from the people(Taqriz: Jannati Zewar)
He kept on performing teaching services in Madaris-e-Ahle Sunnattill entire lifetime and he really paid the servicesof Islam. By the grace of Almighty Allah, lots of students graduated from his Dar-ul-Uloom and got the turban of honor. After that, they are paying the service of Islam in Pak-o-India, Bangladesh, England and Africa.
He was a great orator and his speech circle was very wide. The sweetness and eloquence were in his language. His speech had got the popularity in the dimension of country.
By the grace of Almighty Allah, after publishing his specific books, which have gained the famein the country and abroad. Approximately,his books are twenty four.
Hajj Travelling and his Mashaikh-e-Haramain:
He went to Haramain Sharifain in 19 Shawwal-ul-Mukarram, 1378 AH. Hazrat Mufti Muhammad Sadullah Al-Makki رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ granted the permissions and certificates of Sihah-e-Sitta, Dalail-ul-Khairat and Hizbul Bahr in Makka-tul-Mukarramah and Mufti-al-Malikiyah Maulana Syed Alvi Abbas Makki رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہalso granted the certificate of Sihah-e-Sitta. Similarly,Hazrat Sheikh-ul-Haram Maulana Muhammad ibn-ul-Arabi Al-Jazairy رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہawarded him the special credential of Bukhari and Mota Shareef andSheikh-al-Dalail Hazrat Allama Yousuf son of Muhammad son of Ali BaShibli Hurairi Madani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہgranted him the permission with his specific certificate, of Dalail-ul-Khairat Shareef in Madina-tul-Munawwarah.
During the travel of Hajj, He got Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ to write the introductory letter to the name of aforementioned Sheikhsعلیھم الرّحمہ , by which got the help to receive their specific attention. After reaching to Sheikh, he presented this letter.When Sheikh read this sentence “ھذا تلمیذ تلمیذ الشیخ مولانا احمد رضا خاں الھندی”,so he said,“Are you Abdul Mustafa?”He said, yes I am! Then, he warmly embraced him and prayed for him. He kept on mentioning of Mufti-e-Azam Hind and Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما for some while, then called him at his home. When he went to his home, he warmly welcomed him with kindness and attention. By giving him each volume of his written books, he granted the certificate of Sihah-e-Sitta. He went to Maulana Al-Sheikh Muhammad son of Al-Arabi Al-Jazairi by carrying the same letter of Mufti-e-Azam Hindرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ , which was written to him. There was no limit to his happinessand he met him affectionately. Then, he granted him the certificate of Bukhari and Mota Shareef and he mentioned to Ala Hazrat رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہin following words:
“When a Scholar of India met us, we ask him about Maulana Sheikh Ahmed Raza Khan رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ. If he admires him, we would understand that he is a Sunni and if he censureshim, we would believe that he is a misguided and heretical.In our view, this is the criterion.”
He also got the privilege of meeting with Khalifa-e-Ala Hazrat Maulana Al-Sheikh Ziauddin Muhajir Madani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما and he got the beneficence fromhis companionship and he got me to meet with other Sheikhs, Sheikh-al-Dalail Hazrat Yousuf son Muhammad Al-Madani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ is included in them.He pasted the Certificates’ copies of aforementioned Sheikhs into his book ‘Mamoolat-ul-Abrar’,which contains lots of pages.
Six months before his demise, he got seriously ill. Eventually, he passed away on Thursday at the time of Asr Prayer in 5 Ramadan-ul-Mubarak, 1406 AH/ 15 May, 1985 AD. On second day, thousands of bereaved people buried him in his private land.
(Summarize from the biography of Sadrush Shariahرحمۃ اللہ علیہ )مزید