Sher Besha-e-Ahle Sunnat Hazrat Maulana Hashmat Ali Khan Lakhnavi
Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘MAULANA HASHMAT ALI KHAN’ and his Kunyat is ‘Abul Fath’. His titles are ‘Sher Besha-e-Ahle Sunnat, Ghaiz-ul-Munafiqeen, Manazir-e-Azam Hind, Sultan-ul-Munazreen, and Meraj-ul-Waizeen’. He belongs to Lucknow that is why he is called Lakhnavi. His genealogy is as follows:
“Maulana Hashmat Ali Khan son of Abul Huffaz Nawab Ali Khan son of Muhammad Hayat Khan son of Muhammad Sadat Khan son of Muhammad Khanعلیھم الرّحمہ .” His respected father Hazrat Maulana Hidayat Rasool Rampuri was a Mureed of Khulafa-e- Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ .
Date of Birth:
He was born in Lucknow in 1319 AH/ 1901 AD.
Acquisition of Knowledge:
He received early education and completed memorizing the Holy Quran at the age of ten years from the teachers of Madrasa Furqania. He got the Tajweed certificate in the narration of Hafsرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ at the age of twelve years and received the certificate of Saba Qirat at the age of thirteen years, similarly the certificate of Ashra, he got at the age of fifteen years. In the beginning, this Madrasa was of Ahle Sunnat but later, Deobandi teachers came here. Therefore, that Madrasa went in their possession. When his mind began to change gradually by their thinking, his parents got upset. Eventually, his faith saved from bad faith due to the supplications of his respected parents, Maulana Hidayat Rasool and from reading of the treatise of Imam-e-Ahle Sunnat رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ named ‘Tamheed-e-Iman’. Thereafter, he was admitted in Madrasa Manzar-e-Islam of Barely and he regularly started learning Islamic knowledge there. After graduating, Hazrat Hujjat-ul-Islamرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ wore him the turban on his head in 1340 AH.
Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Qadri, Hujjat-ul-Islam Hazrat Maulana Hamid Raza, Sadrush Shariah Maulana Amjad Ali Azami, Maulana Raham Ilahi Manglori and Tajdar-e-Ahle Sunnat Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Nooriعلیھم الرّحمہ are his respected teachers.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat):
He was a devotee of Sadrush Shariah Mufti Amjad Ali Azamiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Fazil-e-Barely رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ granted him the permission and Khilafat and Hujjat-ul-Islam also gave him the permission and Khilafat at the convocation of Dastar Bandi in 1340 AH. When he went to perform Hajj, Qutb-e-Madina Hazrat Maulana Ziauddin Ahmed Madaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ granted him the permission and Khilafat. Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hindرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ also granted him the Khilafat and he got the permission from Abul Masakeen Hazrat Maulana Ziauddin Pilibhit رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ too.
Character and Peculiarities:
His well-known personality does not need any introduction in the Islamic world because he owned the distinctive features. It was the beneficence of Imam-e-Ahle Sunnatرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ that his exuberant heart filled with the love of Mustafa صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم. That is why, he ruined the garden of Wahhabism and Deobandism and he demolished the castles of Najdi. Even the renowned experts did not dare to compete with him. He went wherever, he spread the truth of Islam and abolished the false faiths.
When Imam-e-Ahle Sunnatعلیہ الرّحمہ sent him to Haldwani, his age was nineteen years at that time. Maulvi Yaseen Kham Saraee was at the other side. This little young boy defeated the expert man who was eighty-year-old. He got the credit for the victory. When the proceedings of the debate was told to Imam-e-Ahle Sunnatرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ , he got very happy for the victory of his lion. Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ granted him his blessed turban and gave him these great titles, Ghaiz-al-Munafiqeen, Walad-al-Marafiq and Abul Fatah. Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ also gave him five rupees as the reward, furthermore, he fixed five rupees as monthly scholarship for him. By asking for the register of Madrasa Manzar-e-Islam, Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ wrote with his blessed hand that, “Maulana Hashmat Ali Khan is my spiritual son and five rupees should be given him forever as monthly by me.” After the demise of Ala Hazratرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, Hazrat Hujjat-ul-Islam and Mufassir-e-Azam Hind Maulana Ibrahim Raza Khan Jilani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھما kept on paying him this scholarship regularly.
He passed away on 8th Muharram-ul-Haram, 1380 AH/ June, 1960 AD and his blessed Shrine is the resort of all in Pilibhit (India).
[Tazkira Ulama Ahle Sunnat and researched article on Maulana Hashmat Ali Khanرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ ]